Have you noticed the changes in our website? I have re-organized the recipe section to make it more user friendly, got rid of broken links on our Resource pages & changed the Topics page to include only the information you need right away. I also want to remind you that you can find information on the blog by typing in the subject you want to read about in the search box.
One of the topics that I wanted to update & share with you again is my article about healthy eating habits for everyone. You will find this updated version on the Topics drop down menu for quick access.
“Healthy Eating Habits for Everyone” by Mary Hollander RN., Updated: January 2018
During and after treatment whether by surgery, chemotherapy and or radiation therapy, the body has to expend more energy to fight cancer cells and to rebuild damaged cells caused by treatment. To be able to do this effectively the body requires a healthy, balanced diet that will provide the nutrients needed. It doesn’t matter what “diet” you are following, these tips are for a healthier lifestyle.
The optimal diet for everyone from Michael Pollan: “Eat only what your Grandmother would recognize.”
These are my general guidelines for a healthy, balanced and nutrient rich diet. Remember, these are what you aspire to. Don’t try to do everything at once. That sets you up for failure. Change one part of your diet at a time; one change a week or a month. This is a process to make healthier choices that you can stick with not a fad diet for a week or two.
- Eat a balanced diet to get the vitamins, minerals and proteins that you need. Eating from ALL the following food groups is important; Water, Healthy Oils, Whole Grains, Fruits, Vegetables, Healthy Protein.
- Eat a varied diet of fruits & vegetables; a rainbow of colors. Fruits & vegetables are antioxidant rich. Eating a variety ensures that you receive all antioxidants not just one or two.
- Eat Whole grains. Nothing white; black, brown, wild or red rice as an example.
- Avoid processed foods as much as possible; stay out of the center of the market. Read the labels of the packaged foods you do buy. If you can’t pronounce any of the ingredients then don’t buy it.
- Eat Certified Organic fruits, vegetables & whole grains as much as you are able to afford. These will be pesticide free. Look at ewg.org for the current list of the “Dirty Dozen & Clean 15” to make this more affordable.
- Eat Certified Organic dairy and grass fed meats. Eat a minimal amount or avoid all together. Certified Organic means no antibiotics or growth hormones. Stores such as Ralphs & Costco are offering antibiotic free &/or growth hormone free meats that are not Certified Organic and cheaper. This is an affordable alternative. They also have grass fed and range free meats & eggs.
- Dairy is inflammatory and should be eaten in moderation. It also has natural occurring estrogen, even organic or raw dairy. Cows are kept pregnant, which increases the estrogen levels to increase the milk production and to increase the length of time they can be milked. Estrogen is stored in fat, so if you are concerned about estrogen then use non-fat dairy.
- Avoid Genetically Modified Organisms/GMO’s. There still hasn’t been any long term research on how this will affect humans. Foods send thousands of bits of information to the body. Changing those pathways by genetically modifying it will change the information sent. There are no GMO’s in Certified Organic food. We have a right to know what is in our food so we can make informed choices. Many companies are using the Non-GMO label on their packages. Watch for this label even on non-organic products.
- 50% of your plate/day should be vegetables & fruits. Go for a colorful array of choices.
- 25% of your plate/day should be whole grains; whole wheat, barley, wheat berries, quinoa, oats, brown rice to name a few.
- 25% of your plate/day should be mixed protein; each kind of protein provides different nutrients. Mix it up during your week; fish, chicken, legumes, & nuts.
- Minimal added oils: Extra Virgin Olive oil, Avocado & Grapeseed are examples of healthy oils. Coconut oil in moderation, meaning occasionally & in small amounts.
- Minimal dairy; buy Certified Organic to avoid the antibiotics and growth hormones in dairy. See my notes on dairy in the section above.
- No tobacco
- Limit Alcohol consumption to special occasions & then only 1 or 2 servings.
- Soy: Tempeh, Miso, & Edamame Beans are the types of soy that are protective. Limit Tofu & soy milk as they are highly processed. Soy is a GMO crop, so buy Certified Organic or GMO free. Read the labels. This is a controversial subject for hormone positive cancers. My recommendation is to eat soy products in moderation & simply stay away from processed soy & soy added to packaged foods. Soy is even in supplements. It all adds up. This is a wonderful list for you: Soy Allergy Avoidance List, Compiled by Debra A. Indorato RD, LDN, member of KFA’s Medical Advisory Team It lists the products soy is in & the hidden names used.
- Eat when you are hungry but don’t skip a meal: largest meal should be your breakfast; break~fast. Never skip breakfast. I like the saying: “breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and dine like a pauper” This has scientific data to back it up!
- Avoid sugary drinks: Fruit juices are sugar too! A 4-6 oz cup of juice a day is ok. Your body reacts the same way to juice as it does to colas. Juices are healthier but should be used in moderation. Without the fiber to moderate how fast the sugar, fructose, enters the blood stream, it enters it quickly. Carrot juice does the same thing. It is healthier to eat the whole food.
- Anything with High Fructose corn syrup should be avoided; read the ingredients on the labels. I have read that hidden sugars are in 75% of packaged foods. How can you find the culprits? Huffington Post: Food Labels: How to Spot Hidden Sugars by Pooja R. Mottl UCSF: Hidden in Plain Sight Look to the right in the article for a list of 61 names for added sugars.
- Do not replace a meal with juice/smoothies or protein bars; use them between meals for a healthy snack. A smoothie for breakfast is okay if it contains whole foods & not juices. You need the fiber to moderated the absorption of the sugars in the whole foods & to aid your digestive & elimination processes.
- Keep healthy snacks in the house; Dried fruit, nuts, crackers, nut butters, string cheese or baby bell cheese. Fruit cut into bite size pieces along with veggies in bite sizes are good choices. Experiment with new vegetables, fruits and grains.
- Make your own high protein smoothies with fresh veggies & fruits added. Don’t forget that avocado is a great fruit to add to a smoothie to make it creamy and to add healthy calories and fat. Frozen bananas (freeze peeled) also make a thick creamy smoothie. Add nut butters to increase the protein and good fat. Add omega 3’s: Chia & Hemp seeds and/or healthy oils. Combine fruits with vegetables in your smoothie; 80% veggies & 20% fruits is a healthy ratio. Be creative not only with the combinations but also with added spices. Apple, carrot, kale, garlic & oranges are great together. Not sweet enough? Add a date. Look at our Recipe page on the website for how to make a healthy smoothie.
- Drink water! Add a slice of cucumber, lemon, lime or mint leaves to make it more interesting.
- Limit fluids during meals as they fill you up.
- Eat your “comfort food” when you need it; no matter what it is. If you don’t, you will make bad choices to get the same feeling of “comfort” and take in more calories doing so!
My favorite plate is from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
Copyright © 2011, Harvard University. For more information about The Healthy Eating Plate, please see The Nutrition Source, Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, and Harvard Health Publications,
Eat your medicine: Food has all the vitamins and minerals that you need & it is bio-available to your body. If you are not able to eat a balanced diet then there are key supplements you need. Speak to your Health Care Team before adding these.
- If you eat a balanced diet you don’t need most supplements.
- What supplements should you take? (Unless your physician has said otherwise)
- Take Vitamin D: 2,000 to 3,000 IU’s daily
- Take Omega 3’s: fish oil, flax seeds (grind before using), chia seeds &/or hemp seeds ; 2tabsp./day of the seeds.
- Calcium: only if your physician has told you your blood tests indicate you need it or you are not getting 1200 mgm/day in your diet. 1 cup of dairy = 300 mgm. The daily intake of fruits & veggies add another 300 mgm/day. Also, some of your dairy & grains may be fortified with calcium. Add that in too! Check any vitamins you are taking for added calcium as well.
- Supplements are not always bio-available to the body. Typically we are able to use 10 – 30% of the supplement. Whole foods are 100% bio-available.
- Choosing supplements is somewhat like a crap-shoot. What brand of supplements should you use? Not all companies are reliable. You may be getting more or less than what is indicated on the label. Where are they made? Where were the herbs grown; possible heavy metal problem? Research the brand name and see if they have certifications by the supplement industry. Have they been tested by a 3rd party and do they offer the research data when asked?
- Check the ingredient list. Sometimes soy is added, fillers and herbs you don’t need or ones that may interact with over the counter drugs or prescription medications.
- Why are you spending money on these supplements? Did you hear about it on line, friends, relatives, on TV, or in line at the market? You need to make an informed decision about what to believe. Don’t fall for marketing targeting cancer patients in general. You are not a statistic, you are unique.
- Some foods and supplements are thought or even proven to reduce the risk of cancer. Find out what studies were done, who did them, where they were done, and if they were done on animals or humans. Were the studies done on your particular type of cancer, your gender & age group? What country was the study done in? Does it apply to you?
- Supplements & herbs do have side affects and do interact with other herbs, over the counter medications and prescription drugs. Factor in any other health problem you may have. Are you a diabetic, have high blood pressure, have organ involvement etc.?
- Supplements & herbs can take 3 to 6 weeks before you see a difference. They don’t work quickly like an aspirin. 🙂
- You can become Vitamin Toxic. It is rare but can happen. Take the recommended daily allowance, not more. Look at the Nutrition Panel on the bottle. Stay under 100% with each listing. Remember you are taking in natural vitamins & minerals in your diet.
FDA: Tips for Dietary Supplement Users Good information. It is important to report to the FDA & your Health Care Team any adverse reaction you experience when taking any prescription, supplements, or over the counter medications.
FDA: Dietary Supplement Label Database: “The Dietary Supplement Label Database (DSLD) includes full label derived information from dietary supplement products marketed in the U.S. with a Web-based user interface that provides ready access to label information. It was developed to serve the research community and as a resource for health care providers and the public. It can be an educational and research tool for students, academics, and other professionals.”
Make changes in your diet one at a time over months not days. You want to make healthy changes that you and your family can stick to. These are guidelines. Choose what works for you.
Until next week…Mary 🙂
- Academy of Nutrition & Dietetics: Meeting Calcium Recommendations
on a Vegan Diet A pdf you can copy.
- OrdinaryVegan: VEGAN PROTEIN LIST & SEED COMPARISON CHART Wonderful resource; printable chart.
- Mayo Clinic: Are you getting too much protein?, February 23, 2017
By Micah Dorfner
- WebMD: Portion Control and Size Guide “Food portion sizes today are far bigger than they were in the past, which means we’re taking in far more calories than we realize. Understanding healthy and correct portion sizes is critical to long-term weight management. This printable wallet-size portion control guide will help to keep you on track even when you’re on the go, and be sure to check out the fridge-size portion control guide, too!”
- Good Fish Guide: Great information about specific fish you may eat. This site is out of the United Kingdom but is relevant information. Lots to learn about fish!
- Monteray Bay Aqaurium Seafood Watch: This is the best site to keep an eye on the seafood that you eat.